Narva city

Commercial Narva

In European historyNarva has been known as a traditional center of international trade. Thewaterway along the Narva River had already been utilized during the epoch of theVikings (V - XI centuries) and represented an offshoot of the famous riverwaterway from the Baltic to the Mediterranean that was referred to in an ancientRussian chronicle as "The Way from Varangians to Greeks". Later (beginningfrom the XIII century) the land route from Tallinn to Novgorod via Narva hadbeen intensively used. There, near the river crossing, a trade settlement sprangup in the XII century. Eventually this was granted the status of a town in 1345by the will of Valdemar VI Atterdag, the King of Denmark. This is how the townof Narva came into being.

Medieval Narva playeda great role in the trade system of the Baltics which had been formed under theaegis of the Hanseatic League, as well as that of the Germanic Order. From theend of the XV century (after the Novgorod Republic had been joined to Moscow),the historic role of intermediary in Russian and European trade relations whichNovgorod had previously played was gradually shifted to Narva. In the secondhalf of the XVI century, during the Livonian War, Narva was conquered by thearmed forces of Russian Czar Ivan IV (the Terrible), and for about 20 years thetown was the main center of the sea trade in the Baltics. Another (and the mostimportant) flourishing of Narva as a commercial town occurred in the XVIIcentury, when it belonged to the powerful Kingdom of Sweden. That period was the"Golden Age" for commerce in Narva.

Also contributing tothe town's prosperity was the fact that trade routes were passing via Narva thatlinked the Baltics not only with Russia, but also with oriental countries suchas Persia and Trans-Caucasus.

Added 14.07.2008, 13:40
Changed 14.07.2008, 14:47

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