Narva city

Krenholm: town within a town

The area of the Narva waterfalls is interesting not only as a unique subject of nature, but also because it is the site of the well-known Kreenholm Manufacture. This company was put into operation in the second half of the XIX century. At this time, it was one of the largest textile mills in Europe. Kreenholm utilized the cheap energy source of the falls and possessed technology that was highly advanced for that time. Fabrics manufactured there were of such high quality that they were granted the prestigious Grand-Prix award at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900.

The Kreenholm Manufacture was established as an integral ensemble, and included not only production facilities but administrative, dwelling, and social complexes as well. While building Kreenholm, the owners of the firm were implementing a philosophic as well as architectural idea of an industrial city of the future, which was popular in the sociology of the XIX century. The uniqueness of Kreenholm as an architectural monument had been brought about by the participation of talented architects from the Saint Petersburg Academic School. Additionally, the influence of English building traditions as realized by L. Knop, the founder of the Manufacture, was evident. The Kreenholm designers managed to create an original style all their own that clearly displays a link with the historic heritage of Narva's traditional architecture. Kreenholm is unique for Estonia as an historic and architectural monument, referring to the epoch of development of large-scale manufacturing industries, and takes a prominent place among monuments of this kind existing in the Northern Europe.

Added 14.07.2008, 13:50
Changed 14.07.2008, 13:52